Kefalonia is the largest of the Ionian Islands and the 6th largest in Greece. The islands various types of habitat (forests, bushy hills, olive groves, vineyards, meadows, rocky and sandy beaches) host a rich variety of flora and fauna. The natural wealth and rich biodiversity of the island has played a crucial role in the settlement of people here, since human existence in Kefalonia dates back to the Stone Age, around 100,000 BC!
One of the finest natural highlights of Kefalonia is the beautiful Mount Ainos (Great or Black Mountain). Mount Ainos and the adjacent Roudi Mountain constitute the Mt. Ainos National Park. In recognition of its significance in Europe, the National Park has been designated as a European Biogenetic Reserve and belongs to the “Natura 2000” European Ecological Network of Protected Areas. It is also a Special Protected Area for the protection of the avifauna (birds of a particular region, habitat, or geological period). It has also been declared as a Wildlife Reserve.